Are Technology Used in Sports?
In July 2019, a drama played out — after a bloody fight in America, Russian boxer Maxim Dadashev died, who missed 319 blows in 11 rounds; on the 12th round, the last in his life, the coach threw in the towel. Maxim could not leave the ring on his own. In the same summer, Puerto Rican Hugo Santillan died, and a total of 1865 boxers died from injuries from 1890 to 2011, and according to the University of California, in 80% of cases death occurred after a knockout or technical knockout.
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Similar injuries occur in many contact sports, including rugby, American football, hockey and martial arts — no one is immune from concussions. In most cases, the negative effect does not manifest itself immediately, but over time leads to a bouquet of diseases, including neurodegenerative diseases, chronic traumatic encephalopathy and others.
To prevent such cases from happening, and sports fans could enjoy the "sparkling power", as Nabokov wrote, for as long as possible, doctors have developed a smart mouth guard - a cap made of flexible plastic that is put on the teeth. The device detects head injuries in real time and helps to avoid complications. The development of a team of engineers and neurosurgeons at the Cleveland Clinic called Prevent Impact Monitor (IMM) measures the direction, angle and force of a blow to the head and signals possible brain damage. The data is transmitted via Bluetooth to the mobile device of the coaching staff.
The mouth guard has an advantage over the sensors in the helmet or behind the ear, because it is located in the center of the head and also moves with the head. The offset level from the reference is 5%; IMM has received 9 US patents and 12 international patents.